Thomas Cole (1801-1848) intended this third painting entitled The Consummation of Empire as the visual climax of The Course of Empire series, choosing a slightly larger canvas. The carefully orchestrated abundance of architectural features relies on Dido Building Carthage, a painting by the English artist J.M.W. Turner that Cole had seen in London. In Cole's initial conception for the series he called this stage "Luxury." His elaborate and overbuilt city is a visually stunning creation, but Cole meant the scene as a warning, rather than an apotheosis. The Course of Empire series is in the permanent collection of the New-York Historical Society.Puzzle size: 29 x 20". Box size: 10 x 13 x 1 7/8 in.